Protein-energy malnutrition is acondition in which the body does not get enough nutrients from food. It can affect people of all ages and genders, but it is most common among children under five years old. Protein-energy malnutrition occurs when a person doesn鈥檛 get enough protein, energy, or both from their diet to meet their body鈥檚 needs.
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What are the causes of protein-energy malnutrition?
When this requirement is not met properly, it often becomes one of the causes of protein-energy malnutrition which is most common in infants and children below 18 months of age.
Can protein-energy malnutrition be cured?
Protein-Energy Malnutrition can be cured by gradually supplementing the nutrients needed by the human body. However, if there is a malignant disease or the underlying disease is not controlled, protein energy malnutrition may be difficult to improve. Does Protein-Energy Malnutrition have sequela?
How is protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) classified?
Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is classically described as 1 of 2 syndromes, marasmus and kwashiorkor, depending on the presence or absence of edema. Each type may be classified as acute or chronic. Additionally, marasmus can precede kwashiorkor. Many patients exhibit symptoms of both disease states.
What is the best diet plan for protein-energy malnutrition?
One of the major aspects of a correct diet plan for protein-energy malnutrition is to include macronutrients in the child鈥檚 diet. An optimum choice of treatment is the inclusion of milk-based formulas which help provide both proteins and sufficient energy to the child or infant suffering from Protein-Energy Malnutrition (PEM).