Positive energy balance
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What happens when energy expenditure exceeds energy intake?
When energy expenditure exceeds energy intake, energy balance is negative and leads to weight loss. When intake equals expenditure, equilibrium results and body fat is maintained, regardless of whether the body weight is at, above, or below normal.
When is the body in energy balance?
When energy intake equals energy expenditure, the body is in energy balance and body energy (generally equivalent to body weight) is stable. However, the time period over which energy balance may be controlled or regulated is not well understood.
What happens to your body when you stop having energy?
However if the positive energy balance becomes severe, which comes from overeating or consuming an unhealthy diet, it can build up plaque in the arteries, increase blood pressure and cholesterol levels, increase the risk of insulin resistance, diabetes and various cancers.
How has energy intake changed over the past 10 years?
In a cohort study of 871 men in Zutphen, the Netherlands, energy intake decreased approximately 450 kcal/day over a 10-year period, during which body weight increased by 3.5 kg (Kromhout, 1983a). Food intake has declined over the past decade when body weight and presumably fat stores have, on average, increased.